Reducing the guesswork for pilots TCAS gives pilots early warning of possible collision courseThere are various ways that the TCAS information is displayed and on the latest aircraft, other aircraft in the vicinity are shown on the pilot’s primary flight display as an open diamond. If an impending conflict is detected, the open diamond turns solid yellow with an aural alert to the crew. If no corrective action is taken the diamond turns red, with verbal instructions to the pilot to climb or descend. The opposite instruction is given to the pilot of the other aircraft. TCAS has saved tens of thousands of lives over the past 30 years. In 1919, the US Army Air Service, the forerunner of the USAF, listed 27 flying regulations. Number 12 stated, “If you see another machine [aircraft] near you, get out of its way”. There was no argument with that logic but today with the speed of aircraft, if you see a jet, it’s almost too late to take evasive action. Today’s Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) is designed to take the guesswork out of avoiding other aircraft, in the event of a breakdown in Air Traffic Control instruction. TCAS was introduced in the US in 1989 and shortly thereafter around the world. Air traffic volume requires pilot vigilanceThe concept for TCAS dates back to the earlier 1950s, when air traffic started to grow considerably. It gained further momentum after the 1956 mid-air crash involving a United DC-7 and a TWA Constellation over the Grand Canyon. The FAA launched the TCAS program in 1981 after a series of mid-air collisions due to failure of Air Traffic Control (ATC). TCAS identifies the location and tracks the progress of aircraft equipped with beacon transponders. Basically beacon transponders work by broadcasting an electronic signal to ATC radar giving details of the aircraft.
A baby takes a nap at the Baby Hotelwith a caregiver nearby monitoring theinfant. The library/playroom offers children hoursof fun and educational activities. The kids enjoying lunch together at thehotel.(Images: Khanyi Magubane)MEDIA CONTACTS• Cecile CardierBaby Hotel manager+27 11 804 [email protected]abyhotel.co.zaKhanyi MagubaneFor mums and dads who find it difficult to juggle a career and parenthood, places like the Baby Hotel, which offers 24-hour quality child care, provide a vital support system.Established six years ago in Sandton, an affluent suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng, the Baby Hotel is a specialised facility providing supervised care for little ones from birth to three years old.In addition to offering a full-time nursery school and overnight facilities, it gives mums the chance to drop off their children for a few hours so they can do some shopping, fit in a gym session or perhaps get a beauty treatment.For a child to stay overnight at the hotel parents are charged R500 (US$66), which includes the child’s dinner, a bath, overnight monitoring and breakfast.A weekend stay, which starts on Friday afternoon and lasts until Sunday morning, costs parents R950 ($126).The word “hotel” conjures up images of a fancy multi-storey building, but in reality the house-turned Baby Hotel looks no different from the other homes along the street it’s in, except for a board near the front gate advertising its services.“Everyone who works here has a passion for kids,” says Cecile Cardier, manager of the hotel.Cardier, a qualified early childhood development practitioner, sees to the day-to-day running of the child facility.The spacious house is divided into sections including a TV room, a library that doubles as a playroom, a kitchen/eating room, and bathrooms fitted with special baby baths as well as sleeping rooms for the children.The children are supervised by seven experienced caregivers – all specifically trained according to the age group of child they look after.This includes first-aid training, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation as well as emergency situations involving a baby or toddler.“There are various ways of handling the two [baby and toddler] for instance, you would conduct mouth to mouth CRP differently on a young baby than you would on an older toddler,” says Cardier.Different strokes for different folksThe hotel prides itself on its ability to offer parents a variety of services that cater to their needs.The most popular service offered at the Baby Hotel is the daycare facility, open Mondays to Fridays from 7am to 6pm.The “time out” facility is also popular and caters for parents who have an errand to run but can’t take their young one along, or mums who want to get their hair done, or maybe take a much-needed afternoon nap away from a niggling baby.Cardier says this service is also growing in popularity as parents can choose a half- or full-day package to suit their needs. “This particular service is mostly used by mums who have nannies, but they are sick and unable to come to work or are on leave. This works on an ad hoc basis.”The after-hours facility is not only for children permanently enrolled in the day-care facility, but also for any other child needing evening supervision.This service is mostly used by parents who have an evening function but don’t have a babysitter at home to take care of the children while they are away.“Sometimes you find that some of the working mothers are from Durban or Cape Town, and they are working in Johannesburg where they don’t have the support of family and friends. That’s where we come in,” explains Cardier.“It is a reality of our times that both parents work, and we find more and more women in high profile positions, who are often required to do a fair amount of travelling,” reads the hotel’s website.According to Cardier, parents don’t usually use the hotel for an extended period of time.The longest stay at the hotel has been four days. The mother of the child, a single parent, was away on a business conference at the time.Another unique service that the Baby Hotel offers is the opportunity for only children – who spend a lot of time alone – to interact with other children. Cardier explains that parents bring their children along to the facility for this purpose from time to time.“When children who don’t attend our day-care centre arrive, some are excited to be with other children, while others will shy away and only interact with the caregiver,” she says.Stimulating child growthA typical day at the Baby Hotel includes loads of fun activities for the children, especially for those between 18 and 36 months.The day’s programme starts at 8am with breakfast, which lasts about 30 minutes.Next is a series of exercises aimed developing the child’s fine motor skills and coordination – these include building puzzles and making simple beaded necklaces.Sensory play, another of the day’s activities, encourages children to use and develop their sense of touch, hearing, smell, sight and taste.“The use of sensory materials provides opportunities for self-directed and guided play to encourage a variety of different skills to develop,” according to an early childhood development website, Play Activities.The Baby Hotel encourages children to experiment with different textures and “get dirty”.“It’s important that kids learn to get dirty, it’s an important part of growing up,” says Cardier.Sensory play activities at the hotel include making mud in the sandpit, breaking eggshells, playing with jelly and shaving cream.“Through the manipulation of materials such as pouring, moulding, lifting, carrying and sorting, children will improve their fine and gross motor skills,” Play Activities goes on to say.To ensure parents are kept up to date, each child has a record book at the hotel, which notes what they eat and drink and the frequency thereof. The record book also details the number of times nappies are changed (for the younger children) as well as sleeping and waking up times.Vital serviceAs to why establishments like the Baby Hotel are necessary, especially in the cities where parents find themselves torn between home and career demands, Cardier is adamant that they provide a necessary service.“We are an important support system to families. We allow couples ‘mummy and daddy’ time.”“Too often parents, out of love, pay too much attention to the children and forget each other and this can contribute to the breakdown of a relationship, so it’s important for parents to make time for each other,” says Cardier.Comments or queries? Email Mary Alexandra at: [email protected]
Where do you spend your time? How do you ensure you are investing your energy in the right places? Here are four questions and some thoughts about what leaders do to produce results.How much energy are you investing in your greatest opportunities? It’s easy to get caught up in solving problems. You will always have demands on your time, your energy, and your focus. But the results that you produce as a leader are strategic. Your biggest initiatives have to take precedence over problems. And if you are dealing with the day to day . . .How much time are you investing the leaders you are building? Zig said you don’t build a business. He said you build people and they build the business. Zig was right. You are building a leadership factory. The greatest investment you can make is in building your current leaders and helping them build the next generation.How much time are you spending building the capacity for change? This is the Disruptive Age. At no time has change come faster, nor has it been so disruptive. And we are just getting started. In 1999, Tom Peters wrote, “The past is going to look like a mellow prelude.” The organization you lead is going to need to be agile. Your core competencies are going to change. And the ability to adapt to change is the surest plan for survival.How much time are you spending reading, thinking, and learning? One of the very best people for you to spend time alone with is you. You need time alone to read. You need time to do the hardest work of a leader: thinking. As things change faster and faster, you need to learn at a pace that allows you to keep up (probably impossible, but fight the fight and try not to fall too far behind). Get off site. Bring a legal pad and pens.
John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Pussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatus “Neymar is an important player who made us suffer in the past when he played with Barcelona. But Di Maria is also an immense player,” Real Madrid defender Sergio Ramos said. “For us it does not change anything. Because Di Maria is a versatile player and brings an extra something defensively.”Di Maria has 11 goals in his last 11 starts in all competitions and is almost certain to start against his former club.“Di Maria is ready, he knows the Champions League well, and I’m convinced he will be hungry,” Emery said.Emery said Mbappe and center back Marquinhos, who were doubtful with minor injuries, trained normally on Sunday. The coach has concerns about Javier Pastore’s form, though.As for Madrid, Luka Modric and Toni Kroos, who haven’t played in nearly three weeks because of injuries, traveled to France with their teammates. Modric had been nursing a muscle injury and Kroos had a left knee problem. Neither has played since the first leg against PSG on Feb. 14.Madrid coach Zinedine Zidane will also be able to count on the return of right back Dani Carvajal, who missed the first leg because of a suspension. LATEST STORIES Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving Real Madrid’s Cristiano Ronaldo gestures during the Spanish La Liga soccer match between Real Madrid and Getafe at the Santiago Bernabeu stadium in Madrid, Saturday, March 3, 2018. Ronaldo scored twice in Real Madrid’s 3-1 victory. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)PARIS — A former Barcelona and Juventus defender, Dani Alves has all the credentials required to speak about what makes a club great.Signed by Paris Saint-Germain last year as part of the French club’s plans to win the Champions League, the 34-year-old Brazil right back believes his new team is at a crossroads.ADVERTISEMENT Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university PLAY LIST 01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosa Last year, PSG came close to achieving a big coup on the continental scene when it thrashed Barcelona 4-0 at home only to be humiliated 6-1 in the return leg.“Tomorrow will be a unique moment, a moment that perhaps we won’t have the chance to live again,” Alves said. “History is there to be changed. PSG has shown its limits in that competition in the past, it’s now time to get beyond them, so we can keep growing as a club and a team. We are going to try and knock them out. We want to send a message to the others, letting them know we have the weapons to see this through.”In addition to attracting Alves, PSG also splashed out a world record 222 million euros ($260 million) to sign Neymar from Barcelona. But the Brazil striker won’t feature against Madrid or in the rest of the season after breaking his right foot on Feb. 25.“We have two options,” Alves said. “Either we sit down and cry, or we stand up and fight. Of course PSG is stronger with Neymar. But without him we remain a strong team.”In the absence of Neymar, PSG coach Unai Emery has a lot of attacking options. Emery is expected to keep using his favorite 4-3-3 system, with Kylian Mbappe, Edinson Cavani and Angel Di Maria in charge of the scoring duties.ADVERTISEMENT After repeated failures in the Champions League, the super-rich club backed by Qatari funds needs to overturn a 3-1 deficit against defending champion Real Madrid when they meet at the Parc des Princes on Tuesday in the second leg of the round of 16.Alves, who won three Champions Leagues with Barcelona, said knocking Madrid out of the competition would help PSG enter a new dimension in Europe.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“Getting past opponents like those of tomorrow is what we currently lack,” Alves said on Monday. “It’s what we need to take it to the next level. We need to make our rivals take us into account and stop thinking Paris is just a team with a lot of money.”Since Qatar Sports Investments took over PSG in 2011 with the aim of turning it into a world-class club, the owner has spent millions of dollars on new players, including 400 million euros ($492 million) on new forwards last year. But despite the massive investments, PSG has never been beyond the quarterfinals in that time. MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Dear Kobe … LeBron animated over Bryant scoring Oscar Typhoon ‘Tisoy’ threatens Games Read Next View comments
“This is simply amazing,” Mr. Bartlett told tourism stakeholders at the Sangster International Airport, Montego Bay, who had gathered for a private ceremony inside the VIP Lounge to commemorate the occasion. Jamaica’s tourism reached yet another historical landmark on Thursday, June 15, when the island recorded its one-millionth visitor since the start of the year. This represents the largest number of arrivals over a six-month period, a feat which tourism officials, including Minister Edmund Bartlett, described as phenomenal. Story Highlights Jamaica’s tourism reached yet another historical landmark on Thursday, June 15, when the island recorded its one-millionth visitor since the start of the year.This represents the largest number of arrivals over a six-month period, a feat which tourism officials, including Minister Edmund Bartlett, described as phenomenal.“This is simply amazing,” Mr. Bartlett told tourism stakeholders at the Sangster International Airport, Montego Bay, who had gathered for a private ceremony inside the VIP Lounge to commemorate the occasion.“Never before in our history has this ever happened, and to say we are indeed proud would certainly be putting it mildly,” he said.The Minister pointed out that “in tandem with this landmark achievement,” the tourism sector also earned in excess of US$1.2 billion for the same period.“We are very excited about these numbers, because they feed into the growth projections that we have,” he added.Henry and Paulette Murray, who arrived on an American Airlines flight out of Philadelphia, United States of America, and are here on their fourth visit, said they were very excited to have contributed to the “momentous occasion”.“We are here for a family vacation. We love Jamaica… especially the people and all the wonderful things you guys have to offer,” they said.Mr. Bartlett further pointed out that all projections are currently being exceeded, noting that the last three months have demonstrated “why we no longer celebrate seasons”.“Not only does this mean a million opportunities for jobs and for earnings, but it also helps to quantify the actual revenue flow in foreign exchange into the country,” the Minister added.
This March 6, 2014 file photo shows the idled Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, the nation’s only underground nuclear waste repository, near Carlsbad, N.M. The U.S. Department of Energy has commissioned a national group of scientists to study the viability of diluting surplus weapons-grade plutonium and storing it permanently at the federal government’s underground repository in southern New Mexico. A committee of The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine has been tasked with evaluating the storage potential at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. (AP Photo/Susan Montoya Bryan, File) Watchdog agency: US nuclear dump running out of room Todd Shrader, manager of the Energy Department’s Carlsbad field office, said the office supports the proposal as part of the agency’s mission to dispose of nuclear waste leftover from the Cold War. Through the dilution process, plutonium could be characterized as transuranic waste, which would allow it to be permanently stored at the repository using the facility’s existing infrastructure and processes, he said.Transuranic waste includes contaminated tools, clothing, gloves and other items from decades of bomb-making and nuclear research at national laboratories and defense sites around the country.The repository has the capacity to hold the 6 metric tons being diluted at Savannah River, department officials said.A federal law enacted in 1992 regulates the amount of waste disposed of at the site. Congress could take decades to amend the law to expand acceptable waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant to include plutonium, said Don Hancock with the Southwest Research and Information Center, an Albuquerque-based watchdog group.”There is no quick fix solution,” he said. “They need to look at other things they can do in the short term. We need to reiterate what WIPP’s mission is, and what it’s not.”In the meantime, Hancock suggested securing the waste at the sites where it’s generated until a permanent solution is found.Hancock also pointed to a history of safety concerns and struggles by the repository to meet deadlines for depositing waste.New Mexico state Rep. Cathrynn Brown, a member of the Legislature’s Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Committee, said the Carlsbad community was supportive of the repository since its opening in 1999. She said she’s confident moving and storing plutonium will be done safely.”We are a consenting community,” Brown said. “People are not afraid to ask questions. We are one of the few communities that accepted a project like this. If it’s not safe, we don’t want it.” © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. The U.S. Department of Energy has commissioned a national group of scientists to study the viability of diluting surplus weapons-grade plutonium and storing it permanently at the federal government’s underground repository in New Mexico. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: New Mexico nuke repository studied for plutonium storage (2018, March 17) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-mexico-nuke-repository-plutonium-storage.html The panel of about 15 scientists from universities, corporations and laboratories around the nation will evaluate the storage potential at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, the nation’s only facility for permanently disposing of tons of Cold War-era waste contaminated with small amounts of plutonium and other man-made radioactive elements.The scientists held their first meeting in November in Washington, D.C., then gathered again Tuesday in Carlsbad, where officials gave presentations and fielded questions on the feasibility of bringing plutonium to the repository, the Carlsbad Current-Argus reports.Critics are unconvinced the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant can safely hold the plutonium, or that the facility’s mission can be expanded via federal law in an appropriate amount of time.Experts estimated about 34 metric tons of surplus plutonium exist around the world, mostly in the U.S. and Russia. As part of a nonproliferation agreement between the two countries, 6 metric tons are being diluted at the Energy Department’s Savannah River Site in Georgia for potential shipment to the southeastern New Mexico repository.The scientists are members of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, a prestigious coalition that provides advice on complex problems and public policy questions. They will evaluate the repository’s transportation capabilities, current and future operations, and compliance with federal regulations before and after a nearly three-year shutdown caused by a 2014 radiological release.Senior Program Officer Jennifer Heimberg of the National Academies of Sciences’ Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board said the group hopes to make a recommendation to the Energy Department by December. She said the study is considering only the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for the program and has not evaluated other sites.Heimberg declined to comment on the board’s impressions after hearing from Carlsbad leaders.Repository officials estimate the program would cost about $17 billion and that alternatives could cost up to $55 million.