Landlocked countries pay huge price for lack of access to seaports UN

Anwarul Chowdhury – the High Representative of the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States – was speaking at UN Headquarters on the last day of a meeting held in preparation for the first global conference aimed at seeking solutions to the special problems of landlocked developing countries.To be held in Almaty, Kazakhstan, from 28 to 29 August, the ministerial-level Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and Donor Countries and International Financial and Development Institutions on Transit Transport Cooperation is expected to negotiate systemic improvements for countries without access to the sea through cooperation with transit nations – those situated between landlocked countries and the seas – donors and multilateral agencies.The Preparatory Committee held its first session for five days in New York, reviewing the progress achieved, acting on the provisional rules of procedure for the Conference and adopting its report, which summarized the proceedings.Mr. Chowdhury, who also serves as Secretary-General of the Conference, told reporters that without access to ocean ports, landlocked countries face major obstacles in importing essential items and exporting their own goods. Landlocked developing countries spent 14 to 16 per cent of export earnings on freight, shipment and insurance costs, more then double the price that other developing countries pay.He hoped that once the Almaty programme of action had been adopted, landlocked countries, transit countries and donor countries would trilaterally come together to solve the issue of transit transport.

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