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D-region ion–neutral coupled chemistry (Sodankylä Ion Chemistry, SIC) within the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM 4) – WACCM-SIC and WACCM-rSIC

first_imgThis study presents a new ion-neutral chemical model coupled into the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM). The ionospheric D region (altitudes ~ 50–90 km) chemistry is based on the Sodankylä Ion and Neutral Chemistry (SIC) model, a 1-dimensional model containing 306 ion-neutral and ionrecombination reactions of neutral species, positive and negative ions, and electrons. The SIC mechanism was reduced using the Simulation Error Minimization Connectivity Method (SEM-CM) to produce a reaction scheme of 181 ion-molecule reactions. This scheme describes the concentration profiles at altitudes between 20 km and 120 km of a set of major neutral species (HNO3, O3, H2O2, NO, NO2, HO2, OH, N2O5) and ions (O2+, O4+, NO+, NO+(H2O), O2+(H2O), H+(H2O), H+(H2O)2, H+(H2O)3, H+(H2O)4, O3−, NO2−, O−, O2, OH−, O2−(H2O), O2−(H2O)2, O4−, CO3−, CO3−(H2O), CO4−, HCO3−, NO2−, NO3−, NO3−(H2O), NO3(H2O)2, NO3−(HNO3), NO3−(HNO3)2, Cl−, ClO−), which agree with the full SIC mechanism within a 5 % tolerance. Four 3D model simulations were then performed, using the impact of the January 2005 Solar Proton Event (SPE) on D region HOx and NOx chemistry as a test case of four different model versions: the standard WACCM (no negative ions and a very limited set of positive ions); WACCM-SIC (standard WACCM with the full SIC chemistry of positive and negative ions); WACCM-D (standard WACCM with a heuristic reduction of the SIC chemistry, recently used to examine HNO3 formation following an SPE); and WACCM-rSIC (standard WACCM with a reduction of SIC chemistry using the SEM-CM Method). Standard WACCM misses the HNO3 enhancement during the SPE, while the full and reduced model versions predict significant NOx, HOx and HNO3 enhancements in the mesosphere during solar proton events. The SEM-CM reduction also identifies the important ion-molecule reactions that affect the partitioning of odd nitrogen (NOx), odd hydrogen (HOx), and O3 in the stratosphere and mesosphere.last_img read more

Commentary: The Landscape And The Lesson It Teaches

By John KrullTheStatehouseFile.com OUTSIDE MOAB, Utah – Sometimes, the earth speaks to us.When it does, it offers a lesson.I’m in Canyonlands National Park. I stand now on a mountain that once was an island. I look out at a high desert that once was covered by water.Clouds and haze cover the sky. They diffuse the sunlight, making it softer. It’s warm and dry. The temperature at the top of the mountains slides from the low 90s down to the high 80s. Down in the valley in nearby Moab, it’s 100 degrees or more.The canyons below me stretch to the horizon and beyond. They’re broken up only by other mountains, by natural spires and spikes thrust high into the air and by improbable arches that seem otherworldly.The soft sunlight illuminates the red rock of the mountains, the reds, the browns and the tans of the canyons and the near-black of the deep crevices. Elsewhere, there are patches of green in varying shades and an occasional surprising blue.I’m not alone on the mountain that was an island.Others have come to look at these sights. They have traveled here from many places.Around me, I hear people speaking in French, German, Italian, Spanish, Japanese, Mandarin and some Eastern European tongues I cannot identify with precision.They point at sites and talk with each other, their voices hushed but fired with excitement. They take pictures. They pose for selfies.One little boy from China walks toward the vista, breaks into a scrambled chase when he sees a tiny lizard scurrying across the ground and then stops, stunned, when he comes close enough to see the vast stretches of canyons, crevices and mountains before him. His mother catches up to him, takes his hand and they stand, breathless, as they look out over the landscape before them.That is the way it is with all who visit.At some point, the chattering, the picture-taking and the posing stop, and everyone stands for a moment in stunned contemplation of a place created by the power of nature and the unceasing inertia of time.What a force time is.These mountains, these canyons, these spires, these arches and these crevices were carved over millions of years. They were produced by disruptions in the landscape more powerful than any weapon yet created by humankind.Once these canyons were covered by fresh water and the spot where I stand was an island in a vast lake.Now it is all rock, sand, sediment and silt, pounded into its current shape by the elements and the weight of time.Not far from the spot where I stand, one can find petroglyphs, rock art carved into the walls of mountains and canyons by Native Americans. Some of the art is 3,000 years old. The newer petroglyphs are 200 to 400 years old.It matters not.As these mountains and canyons measure time, 200 years or 400 years or even 3,000 years are but an instant, a puff of breath carried away by a wind that never slows or ceases.I stand on this mountain that was an island and marvel at what this land has seen and known. It was here for millions of years before I was born. It will be here for untold generations after I have breathed my last and everyone and every earthly thing I have loved is as ancient and obscure as the primitive art carved into these walls of rock.I look at the people around me. They come from many spots upon this globe. They speak different languages and pray to different gods than I do.But for this moment – this brief, brief moment – we are linked by a deep appreciation of something so much larger and more enduring than ourselves, by a world that has such wonders in it.Sometimes, the earth speaks to us.It teaches us to walk through this world – to live this life – with a humble heart.FOOTNOTE: John Krull is director of Franklin College’s Pulliam School of Journalism, host of “No Limits” WFYI 90.1 Indianapolis and publisher of TheStatehouseFile.com, a news website powered by Franklin College journalism students.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare read more

Aryzta revenue declines in Europe and North America

first_imgGlobal bakery business Aryzta has reported a decline in revenues in its European and North American divisions.Overall group revenues fell 3.3% in the company’s first quarter to €962.3m (£820m), with underlying revenue down 1.2%.While underlying growth in the European division was 1.4%, this was impacted by currency fluctuations and disposals, resulting in a 1.4% decline in European revenues to €436.3m (£371m).European volumes had grown 1.8%, reported Aryzta, despite temporary disruption due to consolidation of the business’s manufacturing activities in Germany.Aryzta’s North American business declined 7.5% in the first quarter to €462.5m(£394m), with underlying revenue down 4.7%.A 5.7% volume decline in North America largely reflected the impact of volume losses arising from the renewal of long-term contracts, said the company, adding that this had been mitigated by higher prices as a result of changes in customer product ranges.Aryzta said it expected some of its volumes to be replaced by “the solid pipeline” of new food items.Revenue in the business’ Rest of World division increased 21.1% in the first quarter to €63.5m as a result of 9.7% underlying growth and an 11.4% positive currency impact. Aryzta said the division had continued to grow volumes and expand channels. “The revenue development in Q1 FY17 is in line with our expectations,” commented Aryzta chief executive officer Owen Killian. “The weaker underlying revenue development reflects the impact of expected contract renewal volume declines in North America, the timing of new business listings, as well as a subdued European performance disrupted by consolidation of manufacturing activities in Germany.“Aryzta remains focused on unlocking the underlying revenue development of its well-invested assets and demonstrating its strong cash generating capacity.”last_img read more

Farmington Selectmen approve new pandemic policy and discuss upcoming town meeting

first_imgThis story has been updated to more accurately reflect information provided. FARMINGTON – Among completing some of the logistical tasks necessary in preparing for the upcoming official town meeting by referendum, the Board of Selectmen also approved a new COVID-19 pandemic policy for town employees.“The town already has a pandemic policy, but this one is just more specific to right now. Hopefully we won’t need it in place much longer,” said Town Manager Richard Davis.The new policy, which was unanimously approved, includes CDC guidelines on travel, workplace measures and social restrictions for employees of the municipality.“We encourage everyone to get the vaccine, but we don’t require it,” said Davis.Members of the Downtown Association attended the meeting, proposing a recommendation regarding expenditures from the town’s TIF fund. Their request was pertaining to a new part time position for digital marketing to assist in updating the town’s website and social media sites. The salary for this position would be approximately $5,000 per year, and the Association requested that half of that be covered by the TIF fund.The board unanimously approved it, moving to the second order of business concerning the TIF fund, involving an allocation of $150,000 to the completion of the construction project on High Street.According to Davis, the town did not spend the remaining funds from the TIF in the previous year, leaving more flexibility with a larger expenditure for the coming year. The board approved it, despite the cost. Construction is scaled to begin in the summer, beginning to install new lights along the road as well as new sidewalks.Board Chairman Matthew Smith applied for a marijuana business license to begin selling CBD out of his home, and was approved, though this initial agreement led to a further discussion on the proposed ordinance for all applicants of business and recreation marijuana sales. Per the board’s request during their last meeting, Code Enforcement and Planning Board Department Head, J. Stevens Kaiser, drafted a new amendment to the existing ordinance.“This was to address how to ensure people are paying their fees,” said Davis. “We have several applicants with outstanding fees, who have had them outstanding for quite some time.”The new amendment includes a 30-day conditional approval for licenses, requiring that any new applicant pay their required fees within that time limit or their license is revoked.“I think this will be something we have to revisit as the industry evolves. This amendment is one of many,” said Smith.Davis requested and gained approval for a special town meeting on May 11 to vote on the proposed amendment. In addition, the meeting will open a discussion regarding a solar project which would reduce the town’s electrical costs by 75 percent. The solar project is a 20-year agreement, which Lisbon has also signed on to incorporate.The next Board of Selectmen meeting will be held on April 13 at 6:30 p.m. at the Community Center and will include a public hearing regarding the town meeting by referendum. This public hearing will allow the public to educate themselves on the warrants and ask selectmen specific questions. Community members are encouraged to attend.last_img read more

Chautauqua County Awarded Over $50,000 To Fight COVID-19

first_imgStock Image.BUFFALO – Chautauqua County has been awarded over $50,000 to help fight COVID-19.U.S. Attorney James Kennedy announced Wednesday that a total of five additional municipalities in Western New York have been awarded grants under the Coronavirus Emergency Supplemental Funding Program through the Department of Justice.The grants awarded include:City of Rochester, $474,295Erie County, $58,008Chautauqua County, $58,008Town of Cheektowaga, $47,720Town of Greece, $45,671“As we emerge from the coronavirus response,” noted U.S. Attorney Kennedy. “These funds will help to ensure that our first responders have the ability to continue to do exactly what they have done throughout the pandemic—keep our communities safe.” Niagara and Monroe Counties and the cities of Niagara Falls and Jamestown previously received funding awards from the Bureau of Justice Assistance.Projects or initiatives which may be funded with the monies include:Overtime costsEquipment and supplies (including PPE for law enforcement and medical personnel);Hiring;Training;Travel expenses, particularly related to the distribution of resources to the most impacted areas; andAddressing the medical needs of inmates in state, local, and tribal prisons, jails, and detention centers.A total of $1,700,000 in grant funding is available to cities, towns, and counties in the Western New York region. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Colombian Minister of Defense Inaugurates Military Clinic

first_img A health center that will provide services to about 45,000 users of the Military Forces’ health system was inaugurated by Colombian Minister of Defense Juan Carlos Pinzón. The clinic, which is one of the various projects carried out by the Ministry of National Defense in the field of health for members of the Public Forces and their families, was built in a6,529–square-meter area. With a full-spectrum medical team and equipment, furniture and industrial equipment, the facilities include 10 general practice officers, eight dental offices, one for vaccination, and therapy, priority attention and medical imaging areas, as well as three outpatient surgery rooms. By Dialogo September 05, 2013 In addition, Clínica Suroccidente will provide basic medical and dental services, as well as orthopedics, general surgery, pediatrics, gynecology, ENT, dermatology, radiology, clinical laboratory, medical imaging, and physical, occupational, respiratory, and speech therapies, among others. This is one of the most anticipated projects by users of the Military Forces’ Health Subsystem, since it will be aimed at decentralizing medium complexity outpatient services in the capital city, helping to provide better assistance and cut down waiting lists at the Central Military Hospital. center_img Clínica Suroccidente, located in south western Bogotá’s Chicalá neighborhood, will assist members of the Military Forces living in that area, particularly in the towns of Bosa, Ciudad Bolívar, Tunjuelito, Kennedy and Fontibón. Of all beneficiaries, 32,387 users belong to the Army’s Health Service; 5,919 belong to the National Navy; and 6,870 to the Colombian Air Force. Clínica de Suroccidente will be under the management and responsibility of the National Army’s Health Office.last_img read more

Are your partnerships mutually beneficial?

first_img 22SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Joe Winn What do you get when you mix auto loan programs with a desire to help others? Well, approaches that make a difference, of course. So what do you get when … Web: credituniongeek.com Details Depending on the audience, I have a variety of secret lives. Here, my secret life is that of a credit union marketing partner. When working with CUs, I’m a secret ninja and industry blogger.Now you’re wondering about the ninja part.As a strategic partner, it is in everyone’s best interests to work closely together. A credit union is never “just another client”, whereas, we strive to never be “just another vendor”. Some of our relationship partners are real friends, and discussions can evolve beyond weather and sports into family. We are in it for the long term to help every partner (and individual staff/member) exceed their goals.This is often not how we are received.We understand. All of us have been in a business relationship that felt one-sided up-front or started out great, then fell apart over time. How can we know which to trust and which to cast away? Better off just keeping them all on a tenuous balance: Work together, but don’t share enough to give them any “power” over you. Ensure the contract protects you, then protect your members just the same.Thing is, I can’t disagree with anything in the previous paragraph. Ensuring every member’s safety, privacy, and satisfaction is top priority, and nothing should ever compromise this approach. Yet your partners are how you expand member offerings, and any barriers you place can affect the member experience. Where’s the balance?As part of our offerings, we assist credit unions to place landing pages on their sites linking to a partner portal for their members. The linked site is owned by a third-party, but contractually covered for privacy, due diligence…you name it. Despite this, some credit unions still pop up large warnings when navigating to the pages; we call them speed bumps. Not a great way to inspire confidence for your members.None are doing this out of spite. All believe it is a requirement from NCUA, and their own counsel or examiner reiterates this idea. Hey, when the regulator says to do something, you don’t argue!Trouble is, this is all based on a non-binding piece of guidance from 2003. Remember the web back then? We all had sparkling unicorns and weather banners adorning our sites. Because, Internet! Given these were coming from unrelated third-parties, it made sense to inform your members of potential risks navigating there. Today, portals are custom sites designed specifically for the institution, with specifications laid bare in lengthy contracts. If that isn’t a trusted site, I don’t know what is. Even more odd, many credit unions have warnings when clicking the NCUA icon…or their loan application!Each speed bump warning may seem innocuous, but they create falloff in member clicks, and generate suspicion in your members. “If my credit union doesn’t trust them, why should I?” It’s a valid question.Whenever you engage in a partnership or contractual agreement, I believe it should be to each other’s benefit. Both parties gain equally and with mutual respect. If you ever feel that is not the case, it’s probably not a great partnership. Putting barriers in the way of these efforts tilts the balance of trust. If your MSRs were recommending a service, they wouldn’t say, “We have this great program, and it would be perfect for you, but be careful, since we don’t really trust them with any of your information.”Why do it online?Disclosure: Credit unions working closer with their partners may include my company. Therefore, I may benefit financially from their changes.last_img read more

End of an era for H&B HQ

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

Head of Banten Islamic boarding school arrested for allegedly molesting students

first_imgThe head of a pesantren (Islamic boarding school) in Serang regency, Banten, identified as JM, 52, has been arrested for allegedly molesting his students.According to Adj. Comr. Indra Deradinata, head of the Serang Police’s detective and criminal unit, JM was arrested on Wednesday after four alleged victims spoke out against him.“The investigation is ongoing,” Indra told kompas.com. He was charged under Article 81 of the 2016 Child Protection Law, which carries a maximum sentence of 15 years’ imprisonment upon conviction.Anton Daeng Harahap, a family member of one of the alleged victims, accused JM of sexually abusing 15 female students of the pesantren, adding that 11 of them were afraid to speak to the police.“[The four girls who went to the police] initially did not want to tell their family because of shame. But one of them finally dared to speak out,” Anton said.He added that JM had lured the girls by promising them an amulet that could improve their studying. After abusing them, he allegedly threatened to curse or expel them from the pesantren if they reported him.“[JM] is the chairman of the foundation and he never teaches in the pesantren. He is only looking for victims,” Anton claimed. (mfp)Topics :last_img read more

Twisters Sting Yellowjackets On The Diamond

first_imgThe Oldenburg Academy Twisters won 6-5 against The Morristown Yellowjackets in Baseball action.OA vs. MorristownM 000 210 2 5 13 3OA 202 200x 6 11 1OA Hitting:Nick Bischoff 1-2, run, 2 bbJosh Kinker 2-3, hbpAaron Huber 2 runs (courtesy runner)Drew Kloepfer 3-4, 2 runs, double, rbiTyler Hesselbrock 1-4, run, rbiJacob Kessens 2-3, 2 rbiSam Gast 2-3OA Pitching:Josh Kinker 5IP, 3 runs, 2 earned, 8 hits, 3 K, 3 bb WinTyler Hogg 2 IP, 2 earned runs, 5 hits, 2 k, 1 bb, 1 hbp SaveVarsity record: 11-8Next game on Wednesday (5-21) at Seton Catholic (Richmond).Submitted by OA Coach Doug Behlmer.last_img