We describe a geophysical technique to measure englacial vertical velocities through to the beds of ice sheets without the need for borehole drilling. Using a ground-based phase-sensitive radio-echo sounder (pRES) during seven Antarctic field seasons, we measure the temporal changes in the position of englacial reflectors within ice divides up to 900 m thick on Berkner Island, Roosevelt Island, Fletcher Promontory and Adelaide Island. Recorded changes in reflector positions yield ‘full-depth’ profiles of vertical ice velocity that we use to examine spatial variations in ice flow near the divides. We interpret these variations by comparing them to the results of a full-Stokes simulation of ice-divide flow, qualitatively validating the model and demonstrating that we are directly detecting an ice-dynamical phenomenon called the Raymond Effect. Using pRES, englacial vertical ice velocities can be measured in higher spatial resolution than is possible using instruments installed within the ice. We discuss how these measurements could be used with inverse methods to measure ice rheology, and to improve ice-core dating by incorporating pRES-measured vertical velocities into age modelling.
View post tag: IAI VIDEO: IAI to Showcase Unmanned Combat Maritime Vessel in USA View post tag: News by topic View post tag: vessel Equipment & technology Back to overview,Home naval-today VIDEO: IAI to Showcase Unmanned Combat Maritime Vessel in USA View post tag: Combat The Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI) will showcase a dual-mode, manned/unmanned combat maritime vessel KATANA next week at the AUVSI Unmanned Systems exhibition in Florida, USA, according to the United Press International (UPI). View post tag: Naval Share this article View post tag: Maritime View post tag: Unmanned View post tag: Navy View post tag: Showcase View post tag: usa Operation of the KATANA can be remotely controlled by using an advanced command and control system as well as via a manned combat operating mode.The vessel is capable of conducting a wide range of missions. It can be used to protect maritime borders and offshore gas rigs and pipelines, exclusive economic zones, followed by providing port security, electronic warfare, and shallow waters patrolling, as explained by IAI.She is equipped with various payloads (including electro-optical), communication systems, radio (Line of Site, LOS, or NLOS), radar and weapon systems.The KATANA was developed by IAI’s Malam factory and unveiled on February 4th, 2014.[mappress]Naval Today Staff, May 9, 2014; Image: IAI May 9, 2014
He confirmed that ‘the individual then proceeded to set alight this particular book, before it was then extinguished by the Ex-President Hertford College [Laura Winwood].‘The person who removed the book was an ordinary member and not part of any Union Committee. We are now looking into beginning a disciplinary process against this member in response to these actions, in accordance with the process outlined for such offences in the Rules’.Under Rule 71 of the Oxford Union Society, misconduct can amount to an ‘action liable or calculated to bring the Society into disrepute’. A disciplinary committee could fine, suspend, or expel the member.The book in question may have belonged to a collection of publications containing the life works of L Ron Hubbard, bequeathed to the Union by the late David Gaiman, publicity director for L Ron Hubbard’s Church of Scientology. The boxed collection was reported to have been disturbed during the night.The Senior Treasurer of the Oxford Union said in a meeting of the Standing Committee on Monday 14th March that he was ‘horrified that somebody gives the Union a lot of stuff, and that some of it is burned. It was just terrible.‘You may not agree with these books, but this doesn’t mean that you should burn them.’Whilst this suggests that the book was part of the L Ron Hubbard collection, there is still no official evidence to confirm the speculation. However, Sangha stressed, ‘the Union is taking the matter very seriously and will follow due process in all instances’.The President also added, in response to claims that framed photographs of previous committees had been damaged on the same evening, ‘as far as I am aware any broken glass was caused through accidental damage and not through malicious activity.’He emphasised that the only reported instance of any equipment broken on the night was a chair that had lost a wheel, and ‘since been repaired’.Previously it was unclear whether any books had in fact been burnt, though the rumours made national news on 14th March, when journalist Tim Walker published an article on the Daily Telegraph website entitled ‘Betty Blue Eyes Star Leaves Photographers Feeling Blue’.The article observed, ‘Gaiman’s dying wish that [the donation of these collected works to the Union] would lead to a spate of conversions amid the dreaming spires now looks deluded.’ She told Cherwell, ‘Early in the evening, myself, along with an Ex-Librarian, who has now left Oxford, jokingly burnt a print-out page of the Union rules. That was all – it was a joke and nothing else and no Scientology books were burnt!‘With regards to whether anyone actually burnt any Scientology books, I can’t really say for sure. I got quite tipsy quite early on and didn’t really see or do anything exciting or noticeable from about midnight onwards… However I do think, that if there were books burnt, it’s pretty bad behaviour and especially if they had been donated to the Union.’Westbury’s Facebook status the following morning read, ‘what on earth happened last night????’A scanner in the general office is also reported to have been broken during the night\’s celebrations. One attendee of the party described how the police came to the Union at 11pm because people were setting off fireworks.A source told Cherwell, ‘Pictures of old committee have been smashed and taken down.’One student speculated that the reason for the party getting out of hand was that ‘lots of people came back – old Union officers and friends of Langman’s. They didn’t feel the sense of responsibility’.Union Officers have expressed concerns that reports of potential Scientology book burnings in the press could deter celebrity followers of the cult-religion from speaking at the Union.Ashvir Sangha, President of the Oxford Union, has admitted to Cherwell that at least one book was burnt at last week’s presidential handover dinner.Other senior members of the Union have expressed their dismay that guests set light to ‘stuff’ that had been donated to the society.In a statement issued to Cherwell, Sangha described the events that unfolded at the presidential handover.Sangha wrote, ‘The Union is currently looking into the events that occurred in the early hours of Sunday 13th March. It appears that a book was removed from the President’s Office, where it had been secured pending review by the Library, and taken to the gardens’. The presidential handover dinner on Saturday night at the Oxford Union saw the destruction of Union property as guests allegedly smashed glass, danced on tables and burnt books.The dinner marked the end of James Langman’s tenure as Union president, and the inauguration of Ashvir Sangha.A pile of ash leftover from the night’s celebrations remained by the wooden benches outside the Union building on Monday morning. Three sources confirmed that a Union rulebook was burnt.Speculations have also been made that some of the books burnt on the night included Scientology books donated to the Oxford Union by the late David Gaiman, publicity Director for L. Ron Hubbard’s Church of Scientology.President-elect Izzy Westbury said that ‘she can’t really say for sure’ whether any Scientology books were burnt.However, a number of boxes were found opened with the contents distributed around the Union.A source reported finding a book about Dianetics, a system believed by Scientologists to relieve psychosomatic disorders by cleansing the mind of harmful mental images, in the General Office.One unnamed guest commented, ‘Yeah, there were people burning books. I heard people saying they were Union rules.’A different attendee of the party, who also wished to remain anonymous, described how guests got ‘very drunk’, though there were only ‘one or two people involved’ in burning books. They added, ‘We didn’t know what books they were, but they were definitely burning pages of them.’Some guests also reported hearing hymns sung in Latin as the books were burnt.Anthony Boutall, ex fire safety officer of the Union, commented, ‘I just went out for a cigarette. Whilst there was revelry all around me, I didn’t investigate any of it.’Some members, including president-elect Izzy Westbury, said that they were just burning printed pages. Westbury said, “I definitely did not burn any books.’
The Japanese Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) plans to drill down through the Earth’s crust and reach the mantle, the second of four layers which make up the Earth. While researchers have been attempting this elusive feat since the 1960s, if JAMSTEC and its partners succeed they will be the first to ever to do so.The project will begin with a preliminary expedition undertaken by seafloor survey vessel Kairei, which, equipped with submarine vehicles and dredges, will use sonar to test the structure from the seafloor to a dozen kilometres underground. These tests will take place in September this year in waters northeast of Hawaii, with the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica also to be considered for drilling.Once a drill site has been chosen, the project will be handed over to JAMSTEC’s flagship vessel, Chikyu, equipped with drilling technology normally seen only on commercial oil drilling platforms. Chikyu will have to lower its drill through 4 kilometres of ocean before attempting to reach through the 6 kilometres of rock which make up the crust, the outermost layer of the earth. This may seem a long distance, but it is relatively thin—if the team were attempting the same feat on land, they would have to drill through dozens of kilometres of rock to reach their goal.JAMSTEC hope to begin excavating as soon as the early 2020s, but there are financial concerns. The Integrated Ocean Drilling Platform (IODP) made plans to use Chikyu for a mantle expedition back in 2013, but the project was hit by severe budget troubles, and this new project has an estimated cost of ¥60 billion (roughly equivalent to £400 million).The researchers hope that by sampling the mantle and the crust-mantle divide, it will be possible to better determine how the crust initially formed, giving us insights into the geological history of our planet.Speaking to CNN, some of the JAMSTEC team expressed excitement about the prospect of finding microbial life deep under the Earth’s surface. In 2006, a group of Princeton-led researchers working in a South African mine some 2.8 kilometres below the surface discovered bacteria alive and well leading scientists to ask just how deep into the crust organisms can survive. The study of organisms who live in seemingly inhospitable conditions, so-called ‘extremophiles’, is exciting to many scientists as they give an insight to the adaptations developed in extreme conditions, possibly hinting at the characteristics of life on other planets.The Japanese government also support the project with a more practical reason in mind: by developing better drill technology, drilling further than ever before, and discovering more about the mantle, many advancements can be made in predicting earthquakes—a major and common problem in Japan due to its location on the edge of the Eurasian continental plate. This will also help deal with devastating tsunamis and tidal waves which are often caused by undersea earthquakes.The research vessel Chikyu has a history of earthquake prediction. It has been used in the past to investigate the join between the Philippine and Eurasian tectonic plates, which cause many of Japan’s earthquakes as they slowly scrape past each other. It may now be possible that the same vessel, drilling in pursuit of a geological holy grail that has been sought for over 50 years, can uncover crucial information about the first two layers of the Earth, with consequences not only for Japan, but across the world.
By Lesley GrahamThe Ocean City Beach Patrol opened the 2019 summer racing season with a solid third place finish at the Cape May County Lifeguard Races held in Wildwood Crest on Monday evening. Wildwood Crest Beach Patrol hosted the event and would come out on top of the team competition, taking home the trophy. Patrols from Cape May County – Ocean City in the north through Cape May Point in the south – made up the 10 towns represented at the races. Competition consisted of seven events: doubles row, singles row, men’s and women’s paddleboard, men’s and women’s box swim, and a co-ed surf dash relay. Ocean City scored top three in four of the seven events, taking second place in the doubles row (Matt Garbutt and Paul Boardman), and third place finishes in open paddleboard (Bryan Theiss), singles row (Shannin Theiss) and the surf dash relay (Richie Richman, Kat Soanes, Andrew Duff, Andrew Carney and Ryan Mccrossan).Paul Boardman (stern) and Matt Garbutt (bow) row to a second place finish in the doubles race for Ocean City.Also for Ocean City, Brian Mcgroarty placed fourth in the open swim, while Samantha Brady and Erin Murphy placed sixth in the women’s swim and box paddle, respectively. The ocean was rough, with strong seas and current pulling towards the south and with wind off the ocean. It led to some less than desirable conditions for racing. Paul Boardman, a senior guard on the Ocean City Beach Patrol, as well as one of the members of the two man doubles crew, stressed that point. “(Matt) Garbutt and I have only been rowing together for two months and this was our first out-of-town race together. But there’s a huge difference between rowing and racing, and tonight we came here to race,” Boardman said as he celebrated their second place finish. Ryan Mccrossan of Ocean City races through the surf during the surf dash relay.Bryan Theiss competed in his fourth Cape May County Races. A 17-year veteran of the OCBP and holding the title of training officer, Theiss has put a lot of time and effort into his training regime to compete with the best. “I take training seriously and I take competing seriously,” he said. “I just don’t come out here to exist. I come out here to win.” Theiss finished third in the box paddleboard, being outrun on the beach by Wildwood Crest and Stone Harbor lifeguards. Shannin Theiss of Ocean City rides a wave in at the finish of the singles rowing race.Ocean City Capt. Brian Booth was proud of the team’s performance.“It was a good first race. We are still learning and it’s early in racing season. We still have some big in-town races to determine who will compete for us this summer out of town, but our future is looking bright,” Booth said. The Ocean City Beach Patrol will be back in action this Wednesday as the women compete at the Longport Women’s Invitational.Ocean City’s Bryan Theiss paddles into shore during the box race, which runs on the beach for the finish. Ocean City’s Kat Soanes battles through the waves on her leg of the surf dash race in a race this month.
Finsbury Food Group has reported an 11% decline in cake sales in the first eight weeks of 2010, as consumers continue to trade down.In its interim results for the 26 weeks to 2 January, 2010, the country’s second-largest cake producer reported an 8% fall in like-for-like cake sales to £65.3m, with an 11% decline in the following eight weeks. The company blamed the downturn on changes in shopping habits caused by the recession, with consumers trading down from Finsbury’s premium cakes to cheaper alternatives and taking advantage of supermarket promotions. However, chief executive John Duffy told BB he was confident the market for own-label value-added cakes would bounce back in the second half of the year.Group revenue at Finsbury for the second half of last year was £82.9m, a fall of 7% (£6.2m) on the previous year, while profit before tax was flat, at £1.8m. Sales in its bread and free-from division rose by 14% to £17.6m.Read the full story in the next issue of British Baker, out 26 March.
The Patisserie Holdings chain – owner of Patisserie Valerie and Druckers – is the latest to be hit by riot damage, having been targeted for a second night running as civil unrest spread around England yesterday.The windows of a Patisserie Valerie outlet in Manchester were smashed by rioters after another of Patisserie Holdings’ outlets at Birmingham’s Bull Ring was attacked the previous night.Sporadic trouble was seen in Birmingham, Manchester, Salford, Liverpool, Leicester, Bristol, Gloucester and Nottingham last night, with the streets of London remaining relatively calm.However, bakers in the affected areas reported that they had escaped the worst of the violence and disturbances. Manchester-based Martins Bakers, which has an outlet in Salford, confirmed that none of its shops had been damaged. Bolton-based Greenhalgh’s production director David Smart said its Salford shop had also escaped any damage. However, it had to close early on Monday on police advice and remained closed today, he said, affecting trade.Birds of Derby, which has shops in Nottingham, also confirmed that none of its outlets had been attacked.The Janes Pantry chain, which operates in the Gloucester area was also unaffected, with a spokesman advising that there were no baker’s shops in the specific areas where the trouble broke out.Meanwhile, the Croydon-based Coughlans Munch chain is counting the costs of the riots in Croydon on Monday night, in which two of its 23 shops were badly smashed up and three of its staff lost their houses to fire.Director Sean Coughlan told British Baker yesterday that he had so far been unable to get the affected shops boarded up, as the boarding company he used was also hit by the riots.A Greggs’ outlet in Peckham was also badly damaged by fire on Monday night, with a delivery driver beaten up and left with a broken nose by violent looters. A second Greggs outlet in Enfield had windows smashed.
40 years ago today, on May 8th, 1977, the Grateful Dead‘s Spring Tour rolled onto Cornell University‘s Ithaca, NY campus for a performance at the university’s field house, Barton Hall. As the years have passed, 5/8/77 has become the near-consensus pick for “greatest Grateful Dead concert ever”–particularly high praise considering that the band played thousands of them before Jerry Garcia‘s death in 1995.Why Is 5/8/77 Considered The Grateful Dead’s Best Performance?Much of the show’s notoriety can be attributed to the quality audio recordings taken that evening in Ithaca, first by audience taper Jerry Moore (who actively circulated tapes of the show) and later via sound engineer Betty Cantor-Jackson‘s soundboard recording, which was recovered in the 80’s from a storage unit auction. Because of the widespread access to these high quality recordings, the show became a well-known go-to show among Deadheads in the know. And then, of course, there’s the incredible quality of the performance itself, which featured all-time great renditions of “Scarlett>Fire,” and “Morning Dew,” a breathtaking “St. Stephen” > “Not Fade Away” > “St. Stephen” segment, and so much more.In a recent interview with Rolling Stone, guitarist Bob Weir spoke about the mythical status the 5/8/77 has attained among fans. “For me it was just another tour. I remember feeling like we were hot back when were doing it. But, for instance, that Cornell show that that people talk about, I can’t remember that specifically. It didn’t stand out for me on that tour. The whole tour was like that for me. I think that show became notable because there was a particularly good audience tape made of it. And that got around. I think it was the quality of the recording was good and the guy’s location was excellent. And whoever it was that made that recording made every attempt to get it out there so that people could hear it.”According to Weir, “[Our label] was freaking about the phenomenon of tapers showing up at our shows. They were insisting that we put an end to this. And we just didn’t want to do that. We didn’t feel comfortable doing that, so we didn’t. [Laughs] And through simple benign neglect we get credit for inventing viral marketing.”You can listen to full audio of the show below, consisting of Betty’s Boards (remastered by Rob Eaton) spliced with audience recordings from taper Steve Maizner on archive.org, as we’ve been listening to it for the last decade plus.Last Friday, May 5th, the band released an official re-mastered version of the show, Cornell 5/8/77, as a 5-LP (vinyl), 3-CD special remastered release of sound engineer Betty Cantor-Jackson‘s soundboard recordings from the storied performance. You can listen to the newly remastered audio below via Spotify:Finally, below you can watch a new mini-documentary that interviews several attendees of the Grateful Dead’s famed 5/8/77 Cornell show about the memorable experience, as shown at this year’s annual Grateful Dead Meet-up At The Moves on 4/20. SETLIST: Grateful Dead | Barton Hall; Cornell University | Ithaca, NY | 5/8/77Set 1: New Minglewood Blues, Loser, El Paso, They Love Each Other, Jack Straw, Deal, Lazy Lightning > Supplication, Brown Eyed Women, Mama Tried, Row Jimmy, Dancing In The StreetsSet 2: Scarlet Begonias > Fire On The Mountain, Estimated Prophet, St. Stephen > Not Fade Away > St. Stephen > Morning DewE: One More Saturday Night,SETLIST: Grateful Dead | Barton Hall; Cornell University | Ithaca, NY | 5/8/77
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. (AP) – Eight missing children were rescued in a five-day rescue operation in the Indianapolis area and one person was arrested on charges including parental kidnapping, according to federal authorities.,The children are between 6 to 17 years old in what’s been called “Operation Homecoming, according to the U.S. Marshals Service’s Southern District of Indiana.,Authorities said children are “considered to be some of the most at-risk and challenging recovery cases in the area.”,The arrested adult was also charged with possession of weapons and intimidation.,The children were turned over to the Indiana Department of Child Services.,Federal authorities worked with groups including Indianapolis police and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.,No further details about the children or the circumstances were released.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Christopher G. Kerr for the Cleveland Plain Dealer:Spring is usually a season of warmth, joy and hope in Ohio — especially for the more than 80 percent of Ohioans who identify as Christian. The return of the sun thaws the cold of winter, Earth Day highlights the wonder of creation, and the remembrance of Christ’s Resurrection reminds believers that we are an Easter people.The prospect that the Ohio legislature will extend the freeze on the state renewable energy and energy efficiency standards for several more years, however, has made this season seem unseasonably cold and unusually desolate.Despite this news, the faith community remains optimistic and is taking action — most recently through a Statehouse Faith & Clean Energy Advocacy Day on April 20. There, 200 faith leaders gathered at the Ohio Statehouse and called on lawmakers to exercise moral leadership by “ending the freeze” and reinstating strong renewable energy standards.The Judeo-Christian tradition teaches that creation is a gift given by God who calls humanity to “cultivate and care for” creation (Genesis 2:15). Additionally, the Catholic tradition recognizes that environmental degradation harms the life, health, dignity and common good of human persons and communities — especially those who are poor and marginalized.In 2008, the Ohio legislature passed with near unanimity statewide clean-energy and energy-efficiency standards. In 2014, however, the legislature passed Senate Bill 310, which sought to freeze and study these standards for two years.Legislation to freeze the state’s renewable energy and energy efficiency mandates for two years is headed to Gov. John Kasich’s desk after passing final legislative votes on Wednesday.Although the Catholic Conference of Ohio asked lawmakers to “prayerfully consider if it would be more prudent for the sake of environmental stewardship to maintain our current policies and not freeze these standards while the study takes place,” Gov. John Kasich signed SB 310 into law.In September 2015, the state’s Energy Mandates Study Committee recommended that the freeze remain in place indefinitely. In response, the Catholic Conference of Ohio again raised moral concerns about freezing standards that will care for creation, the poor and the marginalized.At the end of April, state Sen. Bill Seitz, a Republican from Cincinnati, introduced Senate Bill 320, which would freeze the standards for another three years. On Monday, state Rep. Ron Amstutz, a Wooster Republican, introduced a companion measure, House Bill 554.As a person of faith, I strongly oppose SB 320 and HB 554 because they would effectively prevent Ohio from embracing renewable energy and energy efficiency that will care for creation and protect the life and dignity of human persons — especially the most vulnerable. In response, I am proud to stand with Ohio faith leaders from other traditions and support the Ohio Statehouse Clean Energy Advocacy Day goals.Ohio lawmakers can help us all breathe easier for years to come, by unfreezing and fully reinstating Ohio’s renewable energy standards. Until then, Ohio faith leaders will continue to call on state lawmakers to do so.Full item: The moral, people-based case for reinstating Ohio’s renewable energy standards: Christopher G. Kerr (Opinion) Op-Ed: The Moral Case for Reinstating Ohio’s Renewable Energy Standards