Mama Mia I saw on one of the websites where someone said something about the pond there at Piedmont Plaza will be filled in. Is that true? I mean I don’t think it should be if it is spring fed, but at the same time, that pond there is very deep and is so close to the roadway. There are no guardrails along there or anything to stop a car if there was a wreck or if a car careened off the roadway. When it is rainy season the pond level gets so high and so close to the road! You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here The Anatomy of Fear Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 A Summary of The City Council Meeting for 9/7Approval of Minutes:By a vote of 5-0 the City Council approved the minutes into record of the following meetings:1. City Council Workshop on July 19, 2016.2. City Council Workshop July 20, 20163. City Council meeting August 17, 2016.Employee Service AwardsThe following employees of The City of Apopka were honored:Five Year Service Award – Samarie Koller – Police/Communications Five Year Service Award – Angela Rozier – Police/Communications Ten Year Service Award – Dennis Carter, Sr – Public Services/Streets Ten Year Service Award – Dina Cedillo – Police/Support Services Fifteen Year Service Award – Charles Whitehead – Public Services/Water Plant Twenty Year Service Award – Gregory Conant – Recreation/Grounds – Athletic ComplexPublic CommentsOnly Dr. Ray Shackelford spoke during the public comments portion of the meeting.He applauded the idea of a Youth Council…“Sometimes we try to impose our wisdom on young people,” he said. “But I will be looking forward to all of us learning from them.”He also criticized the Council for raising taxes, and using the the reserves to balance the budget. He called on them to take a pledge not to use the reserves next year to balance the budget.“I will be back during the budget hearings to present my proposal,” he said.Consent AgendaSelection of firm to update the City’s Land Development CodeThe City Council voted 5-0 to approve the two consent agenda items:The City has received qualifications, data and expressions of interest for professional services related to the update of the Land Development Code, and to authorize a door-to-door solicitation permit for Andrus Albi, an employee of E.H. Engelmeier Roofing & Sheet Metal Co. is requesting approval to go door-to-door within the city limits of Apopka to solicit roofing services. City Code requires a permit to solicit business door-to-door.Business Items:Approval of the Preliminary Development Plan for Binon ReserveThe Council voted 5-0 in favor of Binon Reserve – a 21 acre subdivision with 44 homes located at 1078 S. Binion Road (South of Lust Road and West of Binion Road).Approval of the Redevelopment Plan/Final Development Plan for Piedmont PlazaThe Council voted 5-0 in favor of allowing the owners of the Piedmont Plaza strip mall (where Hobby Lobby is located), to increase the retail square footage by 24,100 square feet to a total of 245,130 square feet of commercial retail space. They also approved three waivers to the City Code:Allow a maximum building height of 65 feet (City development standards limit maximum building height to 35 feet).Allow less than a 10-foot setback for two buildings.Allow only 987 parking spaces (1,227 are required by code).Approval of Annexation RequestsThe Council voted 5-0 to approve five annexation requests. One is on Plymouth Sorrento Road, another is on East Sandpiper Street, and three are on Oak Point Circle.Ordinance ChangesThe Council voted 5-0 to make changes to five existing ordinances. The first is to establish rules regarding conversations between elected and appointed officials and the public. The other four are efforts to update and streamline the approval process for routine items.Youth CouncilCommissioner Kyle Becker made a proposal to form a Youth Council. His initial proposal can be read here. Becker added the idea of including private schools to his initial list of Apopka, Sheeler, and Wekiva High Schools as well as home schooled students who live in the Apopka City limits. The Council was receptive, and assigned it to City Administrator Glenn Irby to form a committee and give a report on where it stands in two weeks at the September 21st City Council meeting. 4 COMMENTS The soap opera in the City of Debary continues…….here we go……the ousted- out former Mayor of Debary and his buddy, the Mayor of Sanford, are going to be “celebrity guest bartenders” at the Barn in Sanford. The proceeds will go to help Meals on Wheels. It is a challenge between the two, as to who can raise the most cash for the charity. The City of Debary is mad about it, and they are mad anyway at the ousted mayor, because he is going to run for re-election again, but now they are mad at him, not only about this charity event, but because on the flyer, that has been handed out around the cities, it lists the former ousted Mayor of Debary, as the elected mayor!!! LOL! The city administration in Debary is hollering fowl, that it is a liability issue, and the soap opera continues……….. I think this story was on Channel 9 Orlando News. The event is next month, I think, is what it said…..check it out. I just viewed the video of the Leesburg School fight on Channel 9 today…….enough said. September 7, 2016 at 9:05 pm Reply Reply September 7, 2016 at 10:35 pm Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Mama Mia Glenn has to form a committee? News to me. Could not hear that part on the audio. It amazes me that I have sat at the council meetings so many times and I have heard this, ” We don’t have the staff to do that”, if it is something a citizen requests, or the staff is swamped, and they don’t have the time, but now all of a sudden, with this youth council idea, it is jumped on, and bragged about, and staff is suddenly available to take care of a role playing youth council, with an enormous amount of red tape and regulations, rules, etc…… to keep record of….. I am fed up. This is not amusing, it is insulting, as a taxpayer. The youth program A to A needs axed, the Apopka Youth Works Program needs axed, and this idea of a youth council needs to die a proper death, too. It is bad that the school system is cutting out classes and training that benefits students, but using city tax payer dollars to give to the OCPS is wrong, their budget is way larger than our city budget, paying for summer youth jobs is wrong if the city taxpayers pay the bill in part , and the youths go to work for a private company, and not the city, that does not benefit the taxpayers of this city, and the youth council is an idea that should be implemented at the school level, just like the debate club at the schools, but not City Hall. The city’s staff and resources will be used and it is just plain wrong! Not to mention the youths who will apply and will be turned down for whatever reason! Those that will be turned down will probably be the ones that don’t have connections to the council people, and their buddies. That’s a self esteem de-builder for sure, but oh, they will be encouraged to re-apply…..ha!. This youth stuff, all of it started out modestly, but it is snow-balling out of control, and it needs to stop, as the costs are increasing more and more each year, and who pays????? It is in the thousands, excess amounts, and nearly $ 100,000 dollars, maybe more! Reality check time!!! Tenita Reply Reply Please enter your name here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter September 9, 2016 at 8:10 pm Tenita Please enter your comment! September 9, 2016 at 8:34 pm TAGScity councilMayor Joe Kilsheimer Previous articleHelp the Apopka Community by test-driving a new FordNext articleApopka Firefighters rescue dog from burning home Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply
Photographs 2007 2007 CopyLandscape Architect:Edwina van GalAssisted By:Pablo Gallego, Jane Kim, Katherine Kim, Matt Schnepf, Ben TranelCity:Cold SpringCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess Specs Architects: Stan Allen Architect Year Completion year of this architecture project Sagaponac House / Stan Allen ArchitectSave this projectSaveSagaponac House / Stan Allen ArchitectSave this picture!© Bilyana DimitrovaHouses•Cold Spring, United States Year: “COPY” Structural Engineers: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/407100/sagaponac-house-stan-allen-architect Clipboard Save this picture!© Bilyana DimitrovaText description provided by the architects. The Sagaponac House is a prototype weekend house designed for a wooded lot in Eastern Long Island. One of a number of houses commissioned for a new residential development, our project is characterized by its compact footprint and open interior spaces. The active roofline and wood cladding recall vernacular traditions, while the open floor plan and interlocking of solid and void acknowledge contemporary, informal lifestyles. The tight lot meant that the house opens up vertically, becoming expansive through the triple height living scale at the center of the house. Filtered, ambient light that changes with the seasons and the time of day fills the house from the roof lights and window walls.Save this picture!© Michal MoranThis is the first project in our practice to consciously work with the figure of the house as a figure on the landscape, anticipating the iconic profiles of Maribor and Leipzig. Save this picture!SectionProject gallerySee allShow lessSix Flinders Street Station Proposals Battle It Out for “Public Choice Award”Architecture NewsGoogle Street View Reveals What Makes Our Cities Feel SafeArchitecture News Share photographs: Bilyana Dimitrova, Michal MoranPhotographs: Bilyana Dimitrova, Michal Moran Sagaponac House / Stan Allen Architect CopyAbout this officeStan Allen ArchitectOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesCold SpringHousesUnited StatesPublished on August 04, 2013Cite: “Sagaponac House / Stan Allen Architect” 04 Aug 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Oriol Marin i Gordi, Carles Bárcena Roig, Aleix Jané Canals, Núria Garcia i Soto Photographs CopyAbout this officeaquidosOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSpainPublished on July 26, 2019Cite: “CO Viladecans House / Aquidos” [Casa CO Viladecans / Aquidos] 26 Jul 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Oxfam offers banner ads to supporters About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Oxfam is encouraging online supporters to give the charity free publicity by placing banner advertisements on their Web sites. Its Web site offers five different adverts promoting Oxfam itself, its online auctions, fair trade goods, education site, and Millennium-related site. Oxfam is encouraging online supporters to give the charity free publicity by placing banner advertisements on their Web sites. Its Web site offers five different adverts promoting Oxfam itself, its online auctions, fair trade goods, education site, and Millennium-related site. In fact Oxfam allows supporters to place code on their site linking to Oxfam’s ads, rather than copying the graphics to supporters’ own Web sites. This gives Oxfam more control over the adverts’ distribution. In addition Oxfam asks that supporters let it know if they have added a link to the charity’s banner ads, and of course the form offers them a chance to sign up to the charity’s e-mail newsletter. Advertisement 17 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Visit Oxfam’s Link to us page. Howard Lake | 24 May 2001 | News
April 12 — Just last week, U.S. bourgeois papers — the New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Boston Globe and others — published major articles on the devastating numbers of confirmed infections and deaths of African Americans caused by COVID-19. The articles emphasized the numbers were disproportionate compared to the percentage of African-American people in the U.S. population.Charlotte, N.C., sanitation workers, UE Local 150, at April 7 protest over lack of protective gear, after the COVID-19 death of sanitation worker Adrian Grubbs. Charlotte chapter president Dominic Harris speaks at press conference with Chief Steward Craig Brown and Recording Secretary Nichel Dunlap Thompson.And in this tragic way, the virus is helping to publicize on a wider basis the racial inequality that has been the foundation of capitalism in the U.S. An April 6 WW article, “Racism, COVID-19 and Black people,” pointed to the institutionalized racism — including after the Civil War and the era of “Jim Crow” laws — that has been the underlying cause of suffering by Black people as a nationally oppressed grouping in the U.S. This suffering has been magnified 10 times over by the spread of the coronavirus.In a comparison of majority Black counties and majority white counties, the rates of infections and the rates of deaths were three and six times higher, respectively, for Black people than for white people, according to the April 10 Washington Post. These numbers are not calculated to include rates of infection or death of incarcerated workers in jails and prisons, who are also disproportionately Black and Brown people.An important factor for the high rate of infections and deaths among Black people, as well as for undocumented migrants, is that so many are essential workers. Black and Brown people hold jobs in large numbers in restaurants, public transportation, hotels, health care, supermarkets, retail sales and custodial work. These are jobs where workers are in close contact with each other as a necessity. Social distancing becomes less and less an option. According to Economic Policy Institute analysis, an estimated 84 percent of Latinx workers and 80 percent of Black workers could not afford to work from home even before the pandemic hit. Elise Gould from EPI commented, “Workers on the front line are at risk of exposure, not just doctors and nurses, but grocery store workers, home care aides, cooks and delivery drivers.” (Chicago Sun Times, April 9) These essential workers are forced to work for low pay without being provided with personal protective equipment like gloves, face masks and hand sanitizer. An estimated 3 million grocery workers are in greater demand now because so many people are stocking up with food as restaurants, cafes and delis are shut down. But as more and more of these workers become sick due to the virus, they either refuse to show up for work or walk off the job — like recently at Whole Food Markets — in order to survive, even at the risk of permanently losing their jobs. Other debilitating factorsRacism has intensified preventable diseases that cause slow death throughout the Black community — asthma, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and more. People are not born with these diseases, but are victimized by social environments undermined by racism, resulting in lack of healthy foods and health care, overcrowded living conditions, poverty and incarceration. And these toxic conditions are more often than not inherited by each generation. Viruses like COVID-19 can become deadly because they feed off these preexisting conditions that compromise immune systems, making recovery almost impossible. Vedette Gavin, an investigator for the Conservation Law Foundation’s Healthy Neighborhood Study, explained the relationship between people of color and the environment, especially the fact that children become more susceptible to asthma due to lack of decent housing. She stated, “There are huge issues with housing that are at play. The poorer housing stock and code violations for asbestos, mold and cockroaches increase the risk and prevalence of respiratory and pulmonary diseases, which heighten the severity of symptoms for those who contract covid. Black and [Latinx] families in urban centers tend to double and triple up when rent is unaffordable, making distancing in the home impossible.” (Washington Post, April 9)Hospitals in Black majority neighborhoods are twice as likely to close than hospitals in white majority neighborhoods, making it even more difficult for people to get care. Essential workers from the most oppressed communities not only deserve to be tested immediately, but should be granted full unemployment benefits if forced out of work. They should also have their debt canceled and be granted a moratorium on rent, foreclosures and utility shut-offs. Fulfilling these demands would be another form of reparations to people who have been victimized for centuries by systemic policies of social apartheid. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
More Cool Stuff 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it The Pasadena Unified School District (PUSD) Board of Education is accepting applications for PUSD Board of Education District 3 to fill a vacancy by appointment created by the resignation of Board Member Tyron Hampton after his election to the Pasadena City Council.Applicants must be at least 18 years of age and be registered to vote in and reside within the boundaries of the PUSD Board of Education District 3. Applications and a map of District 3 can be obtained from gopusd.com/boardvacancy or the PUSD Office of the Superintendent. Applications and a resume must be received either by mail or hand delivered by 5 p.m. on Monday, June 8, 2015 to:Office of the SuperintendentPasadena Unified School District351 South Hudson Avenue, Room 222Pasadena, CA 91109To be considered for the position, applicants must submit the application and resume by the deadline and attend a special meeting of the school board tentatively scheduled for Saturday, June 27, 2015 at which time all prospective applicants will be interviewed. A provisional appointment could be announced as early as that meeting.Unless a petition calling for a special election with a sufficient number of signatures is filed in the office of the Los Angeles County Superintendent of Schools within 30 days of the date of the provisional appointment, it shall become an effective appointment. The term of service for the appointment for PUSD Board District 3 is from the date of appointment to May 1, 2017.For more information, visit www.pusd.us/pages/PasadenaUSD. Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Subscribe Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Make a comment Business News Community News Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,PCC – EducationVirtual Schools PasadenaDarrell Done EducationHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Education Pasadena Unified Board of Education Establishes Process to Fill Vacant District 3 Seat Article and Photo courtesy of PUSD Published on Thursday, May 14, 2015 | 11:48 am First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Herbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Sweet Things You Should Tell Your Boyfriend ASAPHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyBollywood Star Transformations: 10 Year ChallengeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyShort On Time? 10-Minute Workouts Are Just What You NeedHerbeautyHerbeauty Top of the News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Effective immediately and until further notice, all students in the Ocean City school system can receive breakfast and lunch meals at no charge, regardless of the child’s current free/reduced eligibility, the school district announced Thursday.Meals purchased since Sept. 8 will be credited to your child’s account. Any previous balances accrued or any a la carte items purchased will still be on the accounts.Meals are made possible through USDA and will be available through Dec. 31, or until the funds allotted for this program are no longer available.You will still need to complete the forms for free or reduced meals now, so your child will be able to continue to receive meals when this special program expires.You can find the application form online here: https://bit.ly/307PHQeIf you have questions on meal distribution, please contact Tina Mosher, food service director, at (609) 399-1290, ext. 8701, or [email protected]
Britain’s space industry is going from strength to strength. In 2016 the UK committed €1.4 billion across a range of ESA space programmes. The UK invests around €350 million every year with ESA which gives us access to over €5 billion per year of ESA research and technical expertise. As well as our leading role in Earth Observation, the UK is also the lead European funder of telecommunications research which results in one-in-four commercial telecommunications satellites being substantially built in Britain.The UK Space Agency is driving the growth of the space sector as part of the government’s Industrial Strategy with major initiatives including the National Satellite Test Facility at Harwell, and the UK continues to be a leading member of the European Space Agency, which is independent of the EU.In July, the government also committed £31.5 million to support the development of a spaceport in Sutherland, Scotland, which could be the first in mainland Europe.Other UK companies involved in the Aeolus mission are Teledyne e2v, Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd, Scisys, ABSL and AMPAC. The Aeolus mission is a great example of the potential real-world impacts that space can have on Earth. Its data will lead to more reliable weather forecasts that can be used by farmers, seafarers, construction workers and others to improve productivity and safety. Space is a key part of our modern Industrial Strategy and it is work like this that shows how vital our role in the European Space Agency is in bringing real benefits to UK companies. The Aeolus mission aims to improve the global coverage of wind profile observations, including areas where in situ wind measurements are currently lacking, such as over the oceans, in the tropics and the Southern Hemisphere. Within numerical weather prediction, we expect the Aeolus winds to be particularly useful for improving our analysis of the atmospheric state in the tropics, a region where we know the model wind errors are large. Aeolus will lift-off on a Vega rocket from Europe’s Spaceport at Kourou in French Guiana this evening (22 August) at 21:20:09, Universal Time (UTC). The launch will be available to view online.Colin Paynter, Managing Director Airbus Defence and Space Ltd, said: Flying at 200 miles above the surface of the Earth, the powerful laser on the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Aeolus spacecraft will beam down into the atmosphere and measure wind speeds – a completely new approach that could revolutionise the accuracy of weather forecasting, helping to protect people from disasters like floods and hurricanes across the world.The spacecraft was built by Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage. Other British businesses provided critical elements to the mission, including a camera, software and propulsion systems.The substantial extent of UK participation was achieved through the UK Space Agency’s strong, ongoing support of ESA’s Earth Observation Envelope Programme, which benefits industry and science.Science Minister Sam Gyimah said: The UK contribution to Aeolus, by the alliance of UK SMEs and established players led by Airbus, was first class, delivering a revolutionary Earth observation satellite that will give wind profile data in near real time, improving weather forecasting and helping to bring the benefits of space down to every citizen on Earth. Airbus was honoured to lead Team UK to deliver this spacecraft. Aeolus is the fifth of ESA’s Earth Explorer missions, which address critical Earth science issues, focusing on innovative missions and leading-edge technologies that deliver scientific excellence.Aeolus: a British built laser spacecraftJames Cotton, Satellite Winds Scientist, at the Met Office, said:
The Faraday Battery Challenge brings together the UK’s world-class expertise across research and industry to deliver battery technologies that will power the vehicles of the future. The projects announced today emphasise how this collective expertise is being brought to bear on the biggest challenges facing the development of next-generation electric car batteries, from their power source and performance to safety and manufacturing. Today’s £23 million investment forms part of the total £274 million that will be awarded to consortia across the UK through the Faraday Battery Challenge, part of the government’s Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund (ISCF).Faraday Battery Challenge Director Tony Harper said: UK Research and Innovation Chief Executive, Professor Sir Mark Walport, said: Companies across the country are set to benefit from £23 million government investment to help them keep the UK at the forefront of developing the latest electric vehicle technology.Businesses ranging from small designers to major car manufacturers are among the winners of the government’s Faraday Battery Challenge announced by Business Secretary Greg Clark.It forms part of the government’s drive to maintain the UK as a world-leader in the latest technologies and emerging markets, through its modern Industrial Strategy.The Faraday Battery Challenge brings together world-leading academia and businesses to accelerate the research needed to develop the latest electric car battery technologies – a crucial part of the UK’s move towards a net zero emissions economy.It is also a key contributor to all new cars and vans being effectively zero emission by 2040.Winners include: Government invests £23 million to keep the UK at the forefront of electric car development Companies benefiting from this government investment will use it in the development of the latest battery technologies Part of the modern Industrial Strategy’s Future of Mobility Grand Challenge Across the three rounds of funding competitions we have now awarded a total of £82.6 million to 63 projects. This is a massive investment in business-led battery R&D in the UK, supporting innovative technologies and helping to build a UK supply chain that can compete on the global stage”. We are committed to ensuring our world-leading automotive sector can flourish. These exciting new projects will build on the UK’s reputation for excellence, our rich heritage in the auto industry and pave the way for advances towards a cleaner economy. We will continue to invest in future car manufacturing, batteries and electrification infrastructure through our modern Industrial Strategy and today’s winners will be crucial in ensuring that the UK leads the world in the global transition to a low carbon economy – one of the greatest industrial opportunities of our time. Mining consultancy firm Wardell Armstrong who will work with experts at the Natural History Museum and mining firm Cornish Lithium to lead a new study looking to develop a UK supply of lithium, helping to meet the massive demand expected from the transition to electric vehicles A Jaguar Land Rover-led project to maximise battery performance while maintaining safety A study looking into the use of artificial intelligence in battery manufacture, led by materials technology company Granta Design. Business and Energy Secretary, Greg Clark said: Notes to editors Other projects that were granted funding are listed. The ISCF is delivered by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). UKRI is a new body which works in partnership with universities, research organisations, businesses, charities, and government to create the best possible environment for research and innovation to flourish. The Faraday Battery Challenge is a £274 million government investment into battery technology through the Industrial Strategy. It will develop safe, cost effective, durable, lighter weight, higher performing and recyclable batteries in the UK which will power the next generation of electric vehicles. As a key part of the UK government’s modern Industrial Strategy, the Future of Mobility Grand Challenge was announced in 2017 to encourage and support extraordinary innovation in UK engineering and technology, making the UK a world leader within the transport industries. This includes facilitating profound changes in transport technologies and business models, to make the movement of people, goods and services across the nation greener, safer, easier and more reliable.