If you develop a rash or unexplained flu-like symptoms, Hinkle said, tell your doctor about any recent tick exposure. In general, she said, ticks have to be attached to their host for at least 24 hours to transmit disease. “Tick checks” are the most effective means of protecting yourself and your pets from tick-borne diseases, she said.Check your poochie, too“Check your pets daily for ticks,” she said. “Run your fingers through their coat and remove any ticks before they start feeding.” Be sure to treat pets. Dogs and cats can catch deadly diseases from ticks. Ask a veterinarian for an appropriate treatment to repel these pests.Use tweezers to remove ticks that are attached to skin. Pinch the tick close to the mouthparts to remove as much as possible. If the tick head is left behind, don’t worry. “There is nothing magic about the head,” Hinkle said. “It is like having a thorn in your skin. Your body will expel it over time.”Use tape on seed ticksUse tape to remove seed ticks, which are baby ticks about the size of a freckle that cluster together after birth.“If you get attacked by seed ticks, there will be so many of them it will be horrifying,” said Hinkle, speaking from experience. “Take a piece of tape and press it against the ticks and rip them off. Tape is a quick way to get a lot of ticks off. It removes them effectively and traps them so they can’t attack you again.”Ticks must be removed manually. There is nothing to pour on ticks to remove them and showers will not get them off. The raised red bite from a tick includes highly-allergenic salivary agents that may itch for weeks. “Your body considers this a strong allergen, and it takes a long time for the blood components to break down the feeding tube the tick created under your skin,” Hinkle said. Ticks live where hosts liveYou’ll likely find ticks in areas where their favorite hosts, such as rabbits and mice, inhabit. You can find them all year long in places with thick vegetation, with lots of underbrush, or in overgrown fields or wooded areas. Ticks are most prevalent March through September. Deer ticks survive through the winter. “There is not a month of the year where we don’t have ticks in Georgia,” Hinkle said. To keep ticks off, treat your skin and your clothes with DEET, the chemical found in most insect repellants. She also suggests treating clothing with permanone products.“Ticks don’t fly, jump, leap or climb very high so they are seldom found high above ground,” she said. “They hang on low-growing vegetation, stick out their hook-like claws and when we walk by, they latch on and climb upward.” Because ticks don’t fall from trees, they tend to climb from ankle-height. She recommends treating socks and pant legs up to the knee with Permanone products that contain permethrin. Treat yourself and your clothesHowever, hunters should treat their entire outfit since they will likely be out all day. Permethrin will penetrate clothing and last through half a dozen washings. Permethrin products also kill and repel mosquitoes and fleas. “It is a double whammy, and is very effective,” she said. For added protection, hikers, hunters and blackberry pickers might want to tuck their pant cuffs into their socks. “That keeps ticks on the treated surface and off our skin,” she said. Spending time camping, hiking or hunting can be fun and relaxing. Just make sure you don’t get hooked up with a blood-sucking travel partner, says a University of Georgia expert. “Most people are naturally repulsed by the idea of something sucking their blood,” said Nancy Hinkle, an entomologist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “But, ticks do transmit diseases, too.” Diseases uncommon in the Peach StateWhile tick-borne diseases are uncommon in Georgia, a few cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever have been reported over the past few years. Lone star ticks and black-legged ticks both can carry human ehrlichiosis, a family of sometimes deadly diseases with a range of flu-like symptoms.
Jul 28, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Researchers who studied Iowa duck hunters and wildlife workers have reported the first laboratory evidence of transmission of an avian influenza virus from wild birds to humans, though not the deadly H5N1 strain.The researchers report that blood tests of a duck hunter and two wildlife workers revealed evidence of past infection with a lesser known-strain of avian flu virus, influenza A/H11N9. The three men had handled many wild birds in their hunting and work activities.”Although the sample size of our study was relatively small, our results suggest that handling wild waterfowl, especially ducks, is a risk factor for direct transmission of avian influenza virus to humans,” says their report in the August issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.Most human cases of H5N1 avian flu infection reported over the past 3 years have been associated with exposure to sick domestic birds, although several cases of human-to-human transmission have been recorded, most recently in a family case cluster in Indonesia in May. Wild waterfowl often carry influenza viruses, usually without looking sick.The researchers conducted what they believe to be the first documented search for avian flu viruses in waterfowl hunters. The team included scientists from the University of Iowa in Iowa City and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in St. Louis, with James S. Gill of the University of Iowa as first author.The study group consisted of 39 men who hunted ducks at a southeastern Iowa wildlife refuge in October 2004 and 68 employees of the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR), many of whom were duck hunters or had captured and banded wild ducks and geese in their work. Overall, they had handled wild birds an average of about 20 years.Flu viruses were widespread among ducks at the time of the study, with 60% of a sample of mallards testing positive, the report says.The researchers took blood samples from all the volunteers and used microneutralization assay to test the serum for avian influenza A subtypes H1 through H12. In addition, hemagglutination inhibition was used to test the hunter serum samples for subtype H11.The microneutralization assay showed that one 39-year-old hunter and two male DNR workers, aged 52 and 53, had antibodies to an H11N9 virus. None of the three men had received flu shots in the preceding 3 years.The hunter tested negative for all the other virus subtypes in the study, but serum from the two DNR workers reacted to an H2N2 avian flu virus, the report says. The latter finding, the authors say, probably means that the two men were naturally infected with the human H2N2 virus, which was derived from birds and circulated from 1957 to 1967.All three men had more than 25 years of duck-hunting experience, and one of the DNR workers had participated for several years in duck-banding projects. They did not wear gloves, masks, or eye protection when handling birds. The researchers did not try to find out if the men had experienced any illness related to their contact with wild birds.”In our study, a less common hemagglutinin subtype (H11) has apparently caused serologically detectable infections in high-exposure groups, whereas the more common hemagglutninin subtypes H4 and H6 in wild ducks have not,” the authors write. Possible reasons, they say, are that H11 viruses may be more able to infect humans or may induce a relatively strong immune response, or that the available serologic tests are more sensitive to H11 than to other strains.The researchers say their findings are consistent with a 1991 study in which 40 volunteers were inoculated with the avian virus subtypes H4N8, H6N1, and H10N7. Eleven of the volunteers experienced a mild illness, but they produced no detectable antibodies, probably because the viruses did not multiply enough to generate much of an immune response, according to the abstract of the study.The authors of the Iowa study write that their findings, in combination with the 1991 study, suggest that people may contract flu viruses from wild birds more often than serologic testing suggests.”The relative lack of antibody response in our study population, who had substantial exposures to waterfowl with influenza A infections, and in inoculated volunteers from Beare and Webster [the 1991 study] suggests that avian influenza infections in humans exposed to wild waterfowl may occur more commonly than we are able to detect with current methods,” they write.Gill JS, Webby R, Gilchrist MJR, et al. Avian influenza among waterfowl hunters and wildlife professionals. Emerg Infect Dis 2006;12(8) [Full text]See also:Beare AS, Webster RG. Replication of avian influenza viruses in humans. Arch Virol 1991;119(1-2):37-42 [PubMed abstract]
Pension funds’ participants are better served with a tailor-made pension plan than with increased freedom of choice for pension arrangements, according to Fieke van der Lecq, professor of pension markets at Amsterdam’s Free University (VU).Speaking during the annual congress of IPE’s sister publication Pensioen Pro, she argued that “if people knew what they wanted at all, freedom of choice could lead to a bad outcome”.The discussion related to the ongoing debate about the future of the Netherlands’ pension system.Van der Lecq said she always wondered what the purpose was of allowing individuals a choice of pension arrangement. “Would it be the comfortable feeling that there is something to choose from, or is it about ending up with arrangements that match your needs?” she said. In the latter case, Van der Lecq argued that “tailor-made” pension plans would be preferable. In her opinion, the danger of people making wrong choices was likely to make them worse off than under the current Dutch pension system.Joep Sonnemans, professor of behavioural economics at Amsterdam University (UvA), emphasised that real tailor-made solutions should also take people’s preferences into account, in addition to objective criteria such as age, accrual capital, and property ownership.However, he said this would be very difficult to measure. “People’s answers differ if you put the question in a different way, as people often don’t know what they want themselves,” he said.Sonnemans said that this would also likely be the case for questions about participants’ need for certainty regarding outcomes.He cited a survey at the occupational scheme for medical consultants, which suggested that younger participants in particular sought much more certainty than expected.“They would rather receive lower benefits with little chance of rights discounts than a considerable upward potential combined with a bigger change of cuts,” Sonnemans said.The impact of robotsAlso during the congress, futurist Richard van Hooijdonk predicted that robots would make many jobs in the pensions sector redundant.He said that work with a predictive and repetititive nature would be taken over by robots, and suggested that up to 80% of current jobs could disappear within 20 years.Van Hooijdonk predicted that technology would make half of all current processes and related jobs around benefits payments superfluous.He further emphasised that technology would considerably reduce the costs of pensions.
A further 3% was added to the pension rights immediately after the merger and another 3% rise is to follow in 2018.The pension fund’s supervisory board (RvT) said that the scheme had refrained from putting part of the surplus into a separate fund, as this was deemed at odds with a balanced approach to all participants.In the RvT’s opinion, the 2,500 participants of Sigarenindustrie were better off at BPL Pensioen on balance, despite its substantially lower funding.It said that the advantage of the increased pension rights as well as the better pension arrangements at BPL Pensioen far outweighed any possible future drawbacks.Last year, Sigarenindustrie charged a 19% contribution rate for an annual accrual of 1.75%, while BPL Pensioen’s contribution rate was 21.7% for an annual accrual of 1.875%.Costs per participant at the cigar scheme were €427, against €111 at BPL. Combined asset management and transaction costs were 0.71% and 0.40% for the two schemes, respectively.Sigarenindustrie had contracted out both its administration and asset management to Achmea. BPL has only outsourced its asset management to Achmea. TKP Pensioen carries out its administration.Sigarenindustrie is expected to liquidate in September. Members of the Dutch pension scheme for the cigar-making industry (Sigarenindustrie) are to receive a 17% increase in pension rights following a merger with the agriculture sector scheme.The rise was due to the differing coverage ratios of the two schemes, according to Sigarenindustrie’s annual report.The €211m Sigarenindustrie scheme was 114% funded at the end of 2016, when the funds merged, while the €16.4bn BPL Pensioen was 97% funded.To avoid negative tax consequences, the increase came in a three-stage process, with an 11% rise at the time of the merger – the maximum allowed for indexation in arrears.
Image Courtesy: AIDA CruisesOn December 2, the second and last engine room module for AIDAnova – AIDA Cruises’ new ship – began its journey from the shipyard Neptun Werft in Rostock Warnemünde to the yard Meyer Werft in Papenburg, Germany. On its way to Papenburg, the section was towed through the Kiel Canal.The second floating part, a so-called floating engine room unit (FERU), is 120 meters long and 42 meters wide. The four-deck-tall component contains three LNG tanks for AIDAnova. Two of the tanks have a length of 35 meters, a diameter of eight meters and a volume capacity of 1,550 cubic meters each.The third and smaller tank has a diameter of five meters, a length of 28 meters and a volume capacity of 520 cubic meters.In September this year, the first FERU was floated out at Neptun Werft and transported to Papenburg where the ship is being built.AIDAnova will be the world’s first cruise ship that – thanks to four dual-fuel engines – can be operated both in port and at sea with the currently most environmentally friendly and lowest-emission fossil fuel, according to the company.On December 2, 2018, the 180,000 gross ton newbuilding is scheduled to start its first season as it leaves Hamburg and sets sail for the Canary Islands.AIDAnova’s twin ship, with over 180,000 gross tons and 2,600 staterooms, is set to be commissioned in the spring of 2021.Video Courtesy: Unimedien
MercatorNet 7 April 2015When a British science journal published an American study in January showing that emotional problems are more than twice as prevalent for children with same-sex parents than for children with opposite-sex parents, nobody expected the author, or the journal editors, to escape criticism. The “consensus” within the social science establishment is that the kids being raised by same-sex couples are doing fine, and will do even better if these parents are allowed to marry. Any researcher who finds anything different must be wrong, incompetent and homophobic.What is a little surprising is that scholarly associations would criticise their peer, Paul Sullins, for not doing things which he patently did do in his study, and for benefiting from an allegedly slipshod peer review process that, in fact, is far more rigorous and open than anything their own favourite studies have been subjected to. Such is the quality of briefs submitted by the American Psychological Association and the American Sociological Association to the US Supreme Court last month in support of a ruling in favour of same-sex marriage.Sulllins, an associate professor of sociology at the Catholic University of America, has replied in detail to these misrepresentations in a brief to SCOTUS jointly submitted with fellow sociologists Loren Marks, of Louisiana State University, and Mark Regnerus, of the University of Texas at Austin, and two organisations – the American College of Paediatricians and Family Watch International.Regnerus was the first to feel the full wrath of the gay marriage movement with the publication of his landmark New Family Structures Study in 2012 and its finding that the adult children of women who had had same-sex relationships did significantly worse on many measures than the children of married heterosexual couples.The main scientific pretext for dismissing Regnerus’ study was that he compared the most stable form of family with lesbian or mixed orientation households that happened to be particularly unstable. The APA and ASA has lazily levelled this charge at Sullins as well – ignoring the fact that most studies alleging to show “no differences” between children raised in heterosexual and same-sex families have not accounted for this variable either.Testing the instability thesisIn fact, Sullins did control for family instability in Emotional Problems among Children with Same-sex Parents: Difference by Definition — in two ways.First, he used as a proxy for stability whether a household was in its own home or in rented accommodation, since there is abundant research showing that home-owning families are much more relationally stable than renters. At the same time he controlled for the effects of income and education on the type of housing.Sure enough, home ownership had a strong effect on emotional problems across the board (“children of families in rented quarters are 31 percent more likely to experience emotional problems than children of homeowner families”). But it accounted for only 3 percent of the difference in risk of emotional problems between opposite-sex and same-sex families. Children in stable same-sex families are still about twice as likely to suffer serious emotional problems as are children in stable opposite-sex families.Second, Sullins compared same-sex families with only opposite-sex step-parent or “blended” families to test the effect of past family breakdown. In other words, he compared his whole sample of same-sex families with the least stable of heterosexual families in his data, conceding as much ground as possible to the thesis that instability is the only or main reason that children in the former seem to be at a disadvantage. Incomprehensibly, says Sullins, the APA calls this a “methodological flaw”.“Perhaps it has to do with the outcome,” he adds, because the comparison reduced the overall risk of child emotional problems due to same-sex parents by only 13 percent, from a risk of 2.4 to a risk of 2.2. Far from explaining the difference away, the effects of prior divorce or family dissolution accounted for only a small part of the substantially higher risk of emotional problems faced by children with same-sex parents.Stigma, bullying, and unexpected harmAh, but there’s the stigma these children have to contend with, says the “no difference” school. Take away the bullying and you have well-adjusted children. Sullins tested that and found that children with same-sex parents did not experience more bullying than did their counterparts with opposite sex parents – except those in the former group who had ADHD. In other words, the bullying was associated with ADHD rather than the kind of parents these child had.It is important to note that these findings are based on more data than any previous study — 512 children with same-sex parents drawn from the US National Health Interview Survey. It is one of only eight studies on this subject in the past two decades that have used a random sample large enough to provide any reliable evidence on the question of child wellbeing in same-sex families.What is more, the findings of the Emotional Harms study have been confirmed by another of Sullins’ studies based on data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). As yet unpublished, “The Unexpected Harm of Same-Sex Marriage…”, compared two groups of same-sex parents, one unmarried, often following a prior heterosexual relationship, in which children had lived with their current parents for an average of four years; the other married, in which children had lived with their current parents an average of over 10 years.Contrary to what is claimed by same-sex marriage advocates, child outcomes were consistently worse in the second group, the one with married parents and longer stability.In one of its potshots at Sullins the APA has pointed to some coding errors in the NHIS survey that placed some opposite sex couples in with same-sex couples. But, as he points out, such contamination of data would make it more difficult to show differences between the two family types, and lead to an understatement of children’s emotional problems in same-sex households.Surprisingly, Sullins told MercatorNet, neither the APA nor the ASA briefs “contains a word of substantive critique of the study’s central finding, that child emotional harm is 2-4 times higher with same-sex parents than with opposite-sex parents. There is some critique of the explanatory variables, but no attempt to rebut the findings themselves.”When all else fails, attack the journalHowever, they do resort to a now familiar strategy: attacking the journals in which his work has been published and the peer review process.For the two studies relevant to this article, the publishers are: the British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research (“Child Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and in Same-Sex Parent Families in the United States: Prevalence and Comorbidities,” 2015); and the British Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science (“Emotional Problems among Children with Same-sex Parents: Difference by Definition,” 2015).The APA complains that “none of the journals in which Sullins’s papers were published are indexed in major social science databases.”Sullins points out that, after the attacks on Mark Regnerus, his editors and reviewers after publication of the NFSS study in a sociological journal, he decided to pursue publication of his studies, based on a large public health survey, in international hard science medical journals, “where the standards of evidence are generally more rigorous, but the imposition of groupthink orthodoxy is much less, than in American social science journals.”These journals are found in medical indexes. They are also abstracted by all the major scholarly services, making them available to researchers, says Sullins, adding that the publisher of his studies is a member in good standing of the official certifying agency for such journals, the Directory of Open Access Journals.If only the APA had a review process as rigorousBoth APA and ASA allege that the peer review for Sullins’ articles was substandard. However, he shows that the time involved was not short compared, for example, to the practice of leading medical journals (BMJ and JAMA). Indeed, it was longer than the 13 days it took for one of the iconic “no difference” studies (Jennifer L. Wainwright & Charlotte J Patterson, “Peer relations among adolescents with female same-sex parents”) to be accepted by the journal Developmental Psychology.Nor did the process lack rigour, as alleged by APA. For Sullins’ central study on child emotional problems, the editor sent it to four instead of the usual two reviewers and appointed two independent editors to approve publication. Approval was given only after two rounds of review and response instead of one. And one reviewer presented Sullins with an extensively revised draft. “This high level of scrutiny is very rare in American social science journals, to say the least,” Sullins notes.Most tellingly he points out that the peer review history for his article is available online – itself a sign of peer review quality, and one not found among his critics:“No APA journal practices this level of transparency. It is not possible to examine the peer review history for any articles in the ASA/APA roster of harm denial. Not a single on has dared to publish its peer review history.”And if more credentials are needed, try this: the publisher of Sullins’ articles was ranked among the top 7 percent of journals worldwide for peer review rigour in a recent independent assessment published by Science, the world’s premier scientific journal. The only American social science publisher involved in the assessment failed the test.In the end, all the baseless criticisms of Sullins’ studies, publishers and peer review – like those of Regnerus before him — have nothing to do with their scientific rigour, but with his findings, which do not conform to the ideology of harm denial. One can only agree with his conclusion: “Despite mounting evidence to the contrary, the APA and the ASA will doubtless continue to deny that any study has found evidence of harm to children with same-sex parents.”Two months ago when the Emotional Harms study was published, Michael Cook wrote that Sullins would have to “be ready to go all 15 rounds” in its defence. This round, on any objective assessment, must go to him.Carolyn Moynihan is deputy editor of MercatorNet.Paul Sullins research can be viewed on his author page at the Social Science Research Network.http://www.mercatornet.com/articles/view/same-sex-parenting-and-emotional-harm-critiquing-the-critics/15929
Share Share Share Tweet HealthLifestyle Mobile phones: ‘Still no evidence of harm to health’ by: – April 26, 2012 8 Views no discussions Sharing is caring! There are 80 million mobile phones in the UKThere is still no evidence mobile phones harm human health, says a major safety review for the UK’s Health Protection Agency (HPA).Scientists looked at hundreds of studies of mobile exposure and found no conclusive links to cancer risk, brain function or infertility.However, they said monitoring should continue because little was known about long-term effects.The HPA said children should still avoid excessive use of mobiles.It is the biggest ever review of the evidence surrounding the safety of mobile phones.There are now an estimated 80 million mobiles in the UK, and because of TV and radio broadcasting, Wi-Fi, and other technological developments, the study said exposure to low-level radio frequency fields was almost universal and continuous.A group of experts working for the HPA looked at all significant research into the effects of low-level radio frequency. ‘Relatively reassuring’They concluded that people who were not exposed above UK guideline levels did not experience any detectable symptoms. That included people who reported being sensitive to radio frequency. They also said there was no evidence that exposure caused brain tumours, other types of cancer, or harm to fertility or cardiovascular health.But they said very little was known about risks beyond five years, because most people did not use mobile phones until the late 1990s.Prof Anthony Swerdlow, who chaired the review group, said it was important to continue monitoring research.“Even though it’s relatively reassuring, I also think it’s important that we keep an eye on the rates of brain tumours and other cancers,” he said. “One can’t know what the long-term consequences are of something that has been around for only a short period.”There has been speculation about the health effects of using mobile phones for years. The HPA conducted a previous review in 2003, which also concluded that there was no evidence of harm. But there is now far more research into the subject. Advice on childrenThe experts said more work was needed on the effect of radio frequency fields on brain activity, and on the possible association with behavioural problems in children.They also called for more investigation into the effects of new technology which emits radio frequency, such as smart meters in homes and airport security scanners.The HPA said it was not changing its advice about mobile phone use by children.“As this is a relatively new technology, the HPA will continue to advise a precautionary approach,” said Dr John Cooper, director of the HPA’s centre for radiation, chemical and environmental hazards.“The HPA recommends that excessive use of mobile phones by children should be discouraged.”By Jane HughesHealth correspondent, BBC News
BACOLOD City – The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) has provided cash aid of P5,000 each to a total of 20,006 workers in Western Visayas affected by the enhanced community quarantine to curb the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).DOLE’s cash assistance to qualified employees in this region was done through its COVID-19 Adjustment Measures Program (CAMP).“DOLE is working really hard to make sure that your financial support is released as soon as possible,” the DOLE in Region 6 said on its official Facebook page.Based on DOLE’s figures on Monday, more than P100 million worth of cash aid has been disbursed to workers of 1,061 establishments in this region.On May 5, DOLE-6 announced that the notice approval for batches 26 to 42 was uploaded.Workers in establishments located in Iloilo province, Negros Occidental, Capiz, Antique, Aklan, Guimaras, Iloilo City, and Bacolod City affected by flexible working arrangements and temporary closure amid the COVID-19 crisis are the recipients. DOLE’s cash assistance is released through its partner-money transfer service outlets which send text notices to the recipients once the financial aid is available.DOLE Department Order 209 dated March 17 said that the one-time financial assistance shall be given to affected workers in a lump sum, non-conditional, regardless of employment status.CAMP is the labor agency’s safety net that seeks to provide financial support to affected workers in order to mitigate the adverse economic impact and reduction of income.Meanwhile, the DOLE-6 has also released P4.735 million in financial assistance to beneficiaries of Tulong Panghanapbuhay sa Ating Disadvantaged/Displaced Workers (TUPAD).As of May 1, a total of 12,576 beneficiaries have been approved to avail of the program.TUPAD is a community-based package of assistance that provides emergency employment for displaced workers, underemployed and seasonal workers for a minimum period of 10 days and not exceeding maximum of 30 days depending on the nature of work to be performed.(With a report from PNA/PN) Sources of income of several workers in Western Visayas are affected by the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. The Department of Labor and Employment has provided cash aid of P5,000 each to a total of 20,006 qualified workers in this region as of May 4. COCONUT
July 5, 2018 Police Blotter070518 Decatur County Jail Report070518 Decatur County EMS Report070518 Decatur County Fire Report070518 Decatur County Law Report070518 Batesville Police Blotter
INDEPENDENCE, Iowa (July 1) – Persistent heavy rain in recent days has forced the postponement of the Deery Brothers Summer Series for IMCA Late Models event at Independence Motor Speedway.Originally slated for tonight (Tuesday), it has been rescheduled for Wednesday, Aug. 6. Start times and prices will remain the same. Grandstand admission is $15 for adults and $12 for seniors and students. Kids 11 and under will be admitted free if accompanying a paid adult. Pit passes are $30. IMCA Sunoco Hobby Stocks and Karl Chevrolet Northern SportMods were also scheduled to join the Late Models in the July 1 program and will remain part of the Aug. 6 make-up date.The winner’s share of the Northern SportMod feature has been raised from $500 to $600. The Hobby Stock feature will also pay $100 more than originally advertised. That feature winner will earn $400. Next up on the Deery Series schedule is the Tuesday, July 8 show at West Liberty Raceway.